What is a Liposome?

(lĭp′ə-sōm′, lī′pə-) Not discernable with a light microscope, a nanoliposome can be seen under an electron microscope as a sphere. Just as a water balloon has a thin outer layer with a water-filled interior, a liposome likewise has a thin outer wall — similar to a membrane — made of a phospholipid…


Mineral Taste Testing: The Science Behind It

When Professor Kenneth Glander, of Duke University’s Primate Center, keeps an eye on his horde of lemurs, he is hardly concerned that the animals could poison themselves on the myriad food choices available so distant from their native habitat.  He holds that the lemurs are smart enough to know…


Uridine and PC

Whether the human body contains ten trillion or a hundred trillion cells makes little difference. It would take several lifetimes to count them. What does matter is how those cells communicate with each other, how they share messages about function, repair and reproduction. The basic unit of…


Cardiovascular Disease: What’s Choline Got to Do With It?

Our Answer to the 2011 Study in Nature ‘Gut flora metabolism of phosphatidylcholine promotes cardiovascular disease’ Phosphatidyl Choline (PC) is the largest of the phospholipids that comprise the membrane of our cells. PC is also prominent in egg and soy lecithin. While PC may be the largest of…